Outdoor PestsWildlife

How To Deter Foxes without Affecting Cats

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In the world of urban and suburban wildlife, the presence of foxes can often be a cause for concern, especially for cat owners. Foxes, being opportunistic omnivores, may pose a threat to our feline friends. However, the challenge lies in how to deter these cunning creatures without affecting our beloved cats. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore a range of humane, non-lethal methods to keep foxes at bay, ensuring the safety of your cats and maintaining a peaceful co-existence with nature.


To deter foxes without affecting cats, you can remove or secure potential food sources like garbage bins and pet food, use fox repellents such as Scoot or a homemade mixture of chili pepper and garlic, and install fox-proof fencing that allows your cats to move freely. Always remember to abide by local wildlife laws and regulations, and adjust your methods as needed for your unique situation.

Understanding Fox and Cat Behavior

To effectively deter foxes without affecting cats, it’s crucial to understand the behavioral differences between the two species. Foxes, being wild animals, are shy, wary of human presence, and have a keen sense of smell, which they use to mark territory and find food. Cats, on the other hand, have been domesticated for thousands of years and have a different set of behaviors, such as a strong territorial instinct and a less sensitive sense of smell compared to foxes.

Removing Food Sources

One of the most effective non-lethal methods of deterring foxes is to remove or secure any potential food sources. This includes garbage bins, compost heaps, and pet food left outside. Foxes are opportunistic feeders and will be attracted to any accessible food sources. By removing these, you make your property less appealing to foxes without affecting your cats.

Using Fox Repellents

Another effective method is the use of repellents. Foxes dislike certain scents, and by exploiting this, we can deter them from our gardens. One such repellent is Scoot, a biodegradable powder that you mix with water and spray around your garden. Another DIY repellent involves boiling chili pepper and garlic with water, blending the mixture, and spraying it in areas where you’ve noticed fox activity. These scents are unappealing to foxes, but harmless and non-disturbing to cats.

Building Fox-Proof Fencing

Installing a well-secured fence around your property can help keep foxes out while allowing your cats to move freely. L-shaped fences that extend about 8 inches deep into the ground and 8 inches outward can prevent foxes from digging under. Alternatively, cat-proof fences, such as the Purrfect Fence or Oscillot system, are designed to keep cats safely contained while deterring other animals like foxes.

Remember, when dealing with wildlife, it’s essential to follow local laws and regulations. These laws often prohibit causing unnecessary suffering to an animal, using poisoned baits, and require humane treatment of trapped animals. Always opt for non-lethal methods and consult with a local wildlife agency if you’re unsure.


Deterring foxes without affecting cats requires a careful and considerate approach. By understanding the behaviors of both animals, removing food sources, using repellents, and installing secure fences, you can create a safe and peaceful environment for your cats and local foxes alike. Remember, every situation is unique, so monitor your methods and adjust as needed to find what works best for your property.

By implementing these strategies, you’ll ensure a harmonious co-existence between your cats and the local wildlife, contributing to the overall balance of our shared ecosystems.

Frequently Asked Questions

What other repellents can I use that foxes dislike but won’t affect cats?

Besides Scoot and homemade chili-garlic spray, you can use a commercial fox repellent like “Get Off My Garden” which works by confusing the fox’s sense of smell. Another option is to use lion dung, available from some zoos or online retailers, which works by tricking the fox into thinking a larger predator is nearby. Both these methods are harmless to cats.

How often should I apply the repellents?

It largely depends on the product and environmental conditions. Generally, reapplication every week or after heavy rain should be sufficient. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions if you’re using a commercial product.

Will foxes attack my cats?

While it’s possible, it’s relatively rare. Foxes are generally shy creatures and will avoid confrontation with cats. Most foxes pose little danger to cats, and they usually coexist without issues. However, it’s always good to take precautions, especially during the fox breeding season when they can be more protective.

What should I do if I find an injured fox in my garden?

If you find an injured fox, don’t try to handle it yourself as it may bite out of fear. Instead, contact a local wildlife rehabilitator or your local animal control agency who are equipped to handle and treat injured wildlife.

Will removing food sources starve the foxes?

Not at all. Foxes are adaptable creatures and have a varied diet. By removing food sources from your property, you’re simply encouraging them to forage elsewhere, reducing their reliance on human-provided food and encouraging more natural behavior.

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