Outdoor PestsWildlife

What Repels Foxes?

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Foxes, with their bright eyes and bushy tails, may seem charming and harmless. However, they can become a nuisance and even pose a threat to your property and pets. If you’ve been struggling with foxes invading your space, you’re probably wondering how to keep them at bay. Here are some natural and humane ways to repel foxes without causing them harm.


You can repel foxes using scent-based repellents such as chili pepper and garlic mixture, predator urine, or white vinegar/citrus peels. Physical barriers like tall, buried fences or motion-activated devices like sprinklers and lights can also deter them. Improving waste management and keeping pets indoors at night can further help to keep foxes at bay. However, remember that it’s most effective to use a combination of these methods and always opt for humane solutions.

Understanding Foxes

Before we delve into the various methods to repel foxes, it’s important to understand their behavior. Foxes are primarily nocturnal animals, meaning they are most active at night. They are also omnivores and scavengers, feeding on anything from fruits and vegetables to small rodents and roadkill. Their strong sense of smell enables them to locate food and avoid danger, making scent-based repellents particularly effective.

Scent-Based Repellents

Foxes have a sensitive sense of smell, and certain scents can effectively deter them. Here are some scent-based repellents you can easily make at home:

  • Chili Pepper and Garlic Mixture: Foxes dislike the smell of chili peppers and garlic. Boil these ingredients with some water, blend the mixture, and sprinkle it around your property. Reapply after rainfall or every few weeks to maintain its effectiveness.
  • Predator Urine: Foxes are naturally afraid of larger predators. Therefore, the scent of predator urine, such as that of coyotes or large dogs, can act as an effective deterrent. You can purchase commercially available fox repellents that contain predator urine.
  • White Vinegar or Citrus Peels: The strong smell of vinegar and citrus fruits like oranges and lemons can also deter foxes. Soak rags in vinegar or scatter citrus peels around your property.

Physical Barriers

Physical barriers, such as fences, can effectively keep foxes out. However, foxes are excellent jumpers and diggers, so your fence needs to be designed accordingly. It should be at least 6 feet high with an overhang and buried at least 8-12 inches deep. Fences made from chicken wire or mesh are ideal. You can also add electric wires or use prickle strips and scat mats to prevent foxes from climbing over.

Motion-Activated Devices

Motion-activated devices, such as sprinklers and lights, can startle and deter foxes. These devices detect motion and respond with sudden bursts of water or light. There are also ultrasonic devices available that emit high-frequency sounds unpleasant to foxes but inaudible to humans.

Changes in Waste Management

Improving waste management practices can significantly reduce the attraction of foxes to your property. Always use tight-fitting lids on garbage cans, and don’t leave pet food or compost heaps accessible. Regularly clean up your yard and remove any potential food sources, such as fallen fruits or pet waste.

The Role of Pets

Large dogs can effectively deter foxes. However, smaller pets like cats may not have the same effect and could potentially be at risk. Therefore, ensure that your pets are safely indoors at night, and don’t leave pet food outside.


Remember, repelling foxes is most effective when using a combination of these methods. Also, it’s crucial to remain patient, as it may take some time for these techniques to work. Always opt for humane and lawful methods, and if you’re still struggling with persistent foxes, consider seeking professional pest control services.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I use commercial fox repellents, and are they safe?

Yes, commercial fox repellents are available and can be used. They generally contain scents that foxes dislike, such as the urine of predators. As for safety, they are typically designed to be safe for use around humans and pets, but always read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

How often should I reapply scent-based repellents?

The frequency of reapplication can depend on several factors, including the specific repellent used, weather conditions, and the severity of your fox problem. However, a general rule of thumb is to reapply after any rainfall or every few weeks.

Will noise deterrents disturb my pets or neighbors?

Noise deterrents like ultrasonic devices are typically designed to emit sounds that are unpleasant to pests like foxes but are inaudible to humans. However, some pets, particularly dogs, might be sensitive to these sounds. It’s best to monitor your pet’s behavior when first using these devices. As for your neighbors, ultrasonic devices are generally not loud enough to cause disturbance.

Can foxes harm my pets?

Foxes are typically not a threat to pets, particularly larger dogs, which can actually deter foxes. However, smaller pets like cats or rabbits could potentially be at risk, especially if left outside at night. Therefore, it’s best to keep smaller pets indoors during the hours when foxes are most active.

What if these methods don’t work?

If you’ve tried these methods and are still struggling with a persistent fox problem, it might be time to consider professional pest control services. Professionals have access to a wider range of tools and techniques, and they can assess your specific situation to provide the most effective solution.

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